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Обслуживание детских площадок

Правильное своевременное техническое обслуживание оборудования детских игровых площадок – это прямая обязанность их собственника.

Для обеспечения безопасности посетителей игровых комплексов, разработан ряд подробных нормативных документов с правилами проектирования, монтажа и, конечно, технической эксплуатации.

В этой статье мы рассмотрим все основные правила, которые касаются технического обслуживания детских игровых площадок, регламенты и типы выполняемых работ, очередность и виды осмотров, обследований, испытаний и многое другое.

Информация будет полезна в первую очередь тем организациям и техническим специалистам, которые планируют или уже занимаются содержанием детских площадок.

Кто обслуживает детские площадки?

В первую очередь давайте разберёмся, кто должен обслуживать детские игровые комплексы:

Если игровая площадка расположена на придомовой территории и является общей собственностью жителей дома – то содержанием занимается Управляющая компания или ТСЖ.

Если место для игр установлено на муниципальной земле – её обслуживает орган местного самоуправления – Администрация района, города.

Все частные детские игровые площадки: в торговых центрах, отелях или магазинах – содержат их собственники.

Основные обязанности эксплуатирующей организации

Для обеспечения достаточного уровня безопасности посетителей и, конечно, для отчетности перед надзорными органами, при техническом обслуживании детских площадок необходимо неукоснительно следовать обязательными требованиям нормативных документов, регламентирующих их содержание:

  • Хранить всю документацию по оборудованию площадки: паспорт, проект, сертификаты, инструкции и другую исполнительную документацию
  • Регулярно проводить все необходимые регламентные работы: осмотры, обследования, испытания, техническое обслуживание — регулировку, протяжку крепежей и т.д.
  • Вести соответствующие журналы, разрабатывать, заполнять и хранить акты осмотров или обследований, чек-листы, отчеты, программы работ.
  • Ремонтировать или заменять поврежденные элементы, ограничивать эксплуатацию неисправных конструкций… и многое другое.

Как видите, правильное содержание и обслуживание детских площадок это сложная, регулярная работа, правила выполнения которой, содержатся в специализированной нормативной документации. О ней то мы и поговорим далее.

Нормативные документы по обслуживанию детских площадок

В первую очередь стоит сказать, что перечень нормативов, которыми необходимо руководствоваться при техническом обслуживании и согласно которым надзорные органы проводят проверки и выписывают предписания, зависит от даты изготовления и ввода в эксплуатации конкретной детской игровой площадки.

Это связано со вступлением в силу Технического регламента Евразийского экономического союза «О безопасности оборудования для детских игровых площадок» (ТР ЕАЭС 042/2017)(PDF). Данный ТР вступил в действие с 18 ноября 2018 г.

Если игровая площадка передана в эксплуатацию с этого дня или позже то, при её проектировании, строительстве, монтаже или техническом обслуживании, необходимо придерживаться норм ТР ЕАЭС 042/2017. Соответственно стандартов и правил, соблюдение которых обеспечивает выполнение норм этого технического регламента.

Если же раньше 18 ноября 2018 – то на все этапы жизни площадки для игр детей действуют актуальные версии документов по стандартизации (ГОСТ, СНиП, СП и т.д.) существовавших до этого дня.

Как вы поняли, дальше мы разделим информацию по обслуживанию детских площадок, смонтированных и эксплуатируемых до 18 ноября 2018г. и содержание тех, что изготовлены после этой даты, так как требования к ним диктуют разные нормативные документы.

Кроме того, рассмотрим пример актуального паспорта оборудования и программу по его технического обслуживания, согласно инструкций из которой будет работать эксплуатирующая организация.

Сразу отмечу, что общие правила не изменились, но некоторые отличия есть и их обязательно нужно знать.

Опубликовано в рубрикеТехническая эксплуатация

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